Giovanni Battista Vitali’s Violone in the Accademia

Authors

  • Alessandro Sanguineti

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35561/JSMI12161

Keywords:

cantata, violoncello, obbligato, accademia, Modena

Abstract

This article discusses the background and content of Se le passioni amorose si debbano scoprire all’amico, ‘Olà, saggi, tacete’, an accademia set by Giovanni Battista Vitali, preserved in the Biblioteca Estense Universitaria,  Modena, Mus. E. 245. Presumably performed during the period 1690–92, this special type of cantata includes one of the earliest examples, hitherto unnoticed, of a solo-obbligato bass-violin aria. Such arias were increasingly included in operas and oratorios composed in northern Italy from the late 1680s, but rarely in cantatas, and the present article explores the possible reasons behind the introduction of the bass violin as an obbligato instrument in dramatic settings.

The aria in question, ‘Non hà compagno amor’ for bass and obbligato violone (the accademia’s second aria), is here examined and provided, in transcription, as a supplement to this article. The use of the Modenese tuning BBflat–F–c–g and of double-stops and chords closely relate Vitali’s writing in this aria to his other music for violone. A study of the aria’s musical content provides further confirmation of the organological type of Vitali’s violone, clearly a vertically-played bass violin that corresponds to the violoncello. Indeed, there are striking similarities between Vitali’s aria and the solo-obbligato violoncello arias in operas and oratorios by Domenico Gabrielli and Giovanni Bononcini.

Author Biography

Alessandro Sanguineti

Dr Alessandro Sanguineti is a cellist and scholar. His current research and performance interests include the early cello’s history and the first arias with obbligato violoncello in opera, oratorio and cantata in Italy in the second half of the seventeenth century. His research on Bernardo Sabadini has been published in Performance Practice Review and an essay on Sabadini’s arias with obbligato cello is to appear in the next issue of Miscellanea Ruspoli. Moreover, his article on the early cello has been published in The Galpin Society Journal (2016). Alessandro holds a MMus in advanced performance and a PhD from the Royal College of Music, London, and performs with many of the UK’s finest ensembles, including the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Britten Sinfonia and English National Ballet.

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Published

2017-07-17

How to Cite

Sanguineti, A. (2017). Giovanni Battista Vitali’s Violone in the <i>Accademia</i>. Journal of the Society for Musicology in Ireland, 12, 3-29. https://doi.org/10.35561/JSMI12161

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Section

Articles